The Matera Space Centre was created as part of the national and international network of centres and teleports operated by Telespazio, and has been operational since 1994. It is located next to the Space Geodesy Centre of the Italian space agency ASI, opened in 1983.

The Matera Space centre, managed by e-GEOS since 2009, is dedicated to Earth observation activities and also provides operational servicesfor the Space Geodesy Centre.

The Matera Space Centre acquires, processes, stores and distributes remotely-sensed data from the main Earth observation satellites, and also produces images, products and services in near real-time for maritime surveillance.

In particular, the Centre contributed to the design, integration and testing of the civil ground segment data of the Italian radar satellite constellation COSMO-SkyMed, for which it has provided operational and maintenance services since the launch of the first satellite in 2007.